How to study for IAS exam apart from upsc coaching

July 21, 2021

The UPSC Civil Services Exam is one of the most prestigious exams in India. It is attempted by lakhs of people across the country every year. However, only a tiny fraction of them can fulfil their IAS ambitions. The IAS exam is not only challenging in terms of the length of its syllabus, but it is also daunting because of its highly unpredictable nature.
In this article, you can get all the information you need on how to prepare for the IAS exam apart from upsc coaching and change your destiny.
The UPSC exam cannot be cracked by just being a bookworm. The last stage in the UPSC exam process is the personality test round, wherein the UPSC board would interview the candidate for assessing his/her personality and its suitability for a career in the services. This requires an all-round development of the individual apart from academic knowledge. And, even in academics, the focus should not merely be on finishing the syllabus, but on constantly acquiring information and insight into the latest happenings/current affairs within the country and beyond.
According to upsc coaching in indore aspirant should divide the syllabus subject wise and prepare accordingly. Find the subject wise preparation below.
A. PLANNING FOR HISTORY
History is divided into 3 segments- Ancient, Medieval and modern.
Trends of previous years questions
Year Questions Asked
2011 – 13 questions
2012 – 20 questions
2013 – 15 questions
2014 – 17 questions
2015 – 13 questions
2016 – 17 questions
2017 – 15 questions
2018 – 13 questions
Recent trends show that number of questions asked in history segment varies from 13 to 20. So, it is better to analyse previous segment-wise (Ancient, Medieval, Modern & Culture) and then plan which segment should be given weightage as per analysis. More weightage is given to Modern, then to Ancient and least to medieval history as per question pattern analysis.
Modern India Aspirants should focus on the followings:
1. Various revolts./movements/agitations (like 1857 revolt, tebhaga Peasant
Movement, Home Rule Movement, Quit India Movement, etc) based on:
• The Purpose of the movement.
• The Reasons of the movement.
• The Consequences of the movement.
• The people who participated in this movement.
• Famous Personalities involved in the movement and their contribution.
• The role of Press and Literature.
Example
Q. Which one of the following is a very significant aspect of the Champaran Satyagraha ?
(a) Active all- India participation of lawyers, students and women in the National Movement
(b) Active involvement of Dalit and Tribal communities of India in the National Movement
(c) Joining of peasant unrest to India’s National Movement
(d) Drastic decrease in the cultivation of plantation crops and commercial
Solution: (c)

B. PLANNING FOR GEOGRAPHY
Geography covers physical, Social and Economic Geography of India and the World.
You should make a Mind-Map of different topics given in the syllabus of Prelim and analyse the previous years questions asked. Your study should be based on the nature and number of questions asked from different segments year-wise.
Trends of previous years questions
Year Questions Asked
2011 – 15 questions
2012 – 20 questions
2013 – 22 questions
2014 – 26 questions
2015 – 18 questions
2016 – 9 questions
2017 – 12 questions
2018 – 9 questions
As per the recent trend, atleast 15-20% weightage is given to Geography.
Questions asked in previous years exam are based on:
Q. “Momentum for Change : Climate Neutral Now” is an initiative launched by
(a) The Intergovernmentai Panel on Climate Change
(b) The UNEP Secretariat
(c) The UNFCCC Secretariat
(d) The World Meteorological Organization
Solution: (c)
Indian Geography
Physiography
India’s physiography can be divided into:
• The Himalayas: The Greater Himalayas (Himadri), Lesser Himalayas (Himachal), Sub-Himalayas (Shivalik Range)
• Peninsular Plateau and Peninsular Mountains
• The North Plains and the Coastal plains
• Indian Desert
• Islands
Important Segments:
• Characteristics – Example: Himalayas are young, weak, flexible
• How were they formed? Example: The peninsula block was formed by various vertical movements and block faulting
• Climate and Rainfall in these regions
• Vegetation or Type of Forests found
• Soil along the slopes
• Biodiversity in the region
Example
Q. When you travel in Himalayas, you will see the following:
1. Deep gorges
2. U-turn river courses
3. Parallel mountain ranges
4. Steep gradients causing land-sliding
Which of the above can be said to be the evidences for Himalayas being young fold mountains?
(a) 1 and 2 only (b) 1, 2 and 4 only
(c) 3 and 4 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Solution: (d)
C. PLANNING FOR POLITY
Polity covers Constitution of India, Indian Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights, Issues, etc. First you prepare the Mind-Map of each Chapter given in the syllabus and then analyse the nature and number of questions asked in previous years HS Paper-I from Polity. If your study follows the trend analysis, your success is assured.
Trends of previous years questions
Year Questions Asked
2011 – 14 questions
2012 – 20 questions
2013 – 18 questions
2014 – 15 questions
2015 – 21 questions
2016 – 06 questions
2017 – 22 questions
2018 – 11 questions s
Q. Consider the following statements:
1. The Parliament of India can place a particular law in the Ninth Schedule of the Constitution of India (a)
2. The validity of a law placed in the Ninth Schedule cannot be examined by any court and no judgement can be made on it.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1. 1 only (b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) Neither 1 nor 2
Solution. (a)
G. PLANNING FOR ECONOMICS
It covers Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
Questions asked in this segment are based on your conceptual understanding of macro-economics. So, conceptual clarity is the most important factor to understand any topic, policy, data, etc. in Economics.

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